The audit process harnesses macro scripts that can be used to conduct tasks in MS Word documents (a macro is a series of commands that can be run automatically to save time and avoid human error). A macro is run to prepare a list of every citation in the document. A second macro is then applied to compare this list with each entry in the references list/bibliography for a match. An editor will manually analyse the results, identifying false positives, possible typographic errors in citations, citations missing final entries in the references/bibliography section, and references that are not cited in the document. Finally, a report is generated and forwarded to the author(s) to review and take action.